The Committee calls upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Convention and "to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories."
States Parties undertake to make the principles and provisions of the Convention widely known, by appropriate and active means, to adults and children alike.
1. For the purpose of examining the progress made by States Parties in achieving the realization of the obligations undertaken in the present Convention, there shall be established a Committee on the Rights of the Child, which shall carry out the functions hereinafter provided.
2. The Committee shall consist of eighteen experts of high moral standing and recognized competence in the field covered by this Convention.1/ The members of the Committee shall be elected by States Parties from among their nationals and shall serve in their personal capacity, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution, as well as to the principal legal systems.
3. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by States Parties. Each State Party may nominate one person from among its own nationals.
4. The initial election to the Committee shall be held no later than six months after the date of the entry into force of the present Convention and thereafter every second year. At least four months before the date of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to States Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within two months. The Secretary-General shall subsequently prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties to the present Convention.
5. The elections shall be held at meetings of States Parties convened by the Secretary-General at United Nations Headquarters. At those meetings, for which two thirds of States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.
6. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. They shall be eligible for re-election if renominated. The term of five of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election, the names of these five members shall be chosen by lot by the Chairman of the meeting.
7. If a member of the Committee dies or resigns or declares that for any other cause he or she can no longer perform the duties of the Committee, the State Party which nominated the member shall appoint another expert from among its nationals to serve for the remainder of the term, subject to the approval of the Committee.
8. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure.
9. The Committee shall elect its officers for a period of two years.
10. The meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at United Nations Headquarters or at any other convenient place as determined by the Committee. The Committee shall normally meet annually. The duration of the meetings of the Committee shall be determined, and reviewed, if necessary, by a meeting of the States Parties to the present Convention, subject to the approval of the General Assembly.
11. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the Committee under the present Convention.
12. With the approval of the General Assembly, the members of the Committee established under the present Convention shall receive emoluments from United Nations resources on such terms and conditions as the Assembly may decide.
1. States Parties undertake to submit to the Committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports on the measures they have adopted which give effect to the rights recognized herein and on the progress made on the enjoyment of those rights
(a) Within two years of the entry into force of the Convention for the State Party concerned;
(b) Thereafter every five years.
2. Reports made under the present article shall indicate factors and difficulties, if any, affecting the degree of fulfilment of the obligations under the present Convention. Reports shall also contain sufficient information to provide the Committee with a comprehensive understanding of the implementation of the Convention in the country concerned.
3. A State Party which has submitted a comprehensive initial report to the Committee need not, in its subsequent reports submitted in accordance with paragraph 1 (b) of the present article, repeat basic information previously provided.
4. The Committee may request from States Parties further information relevant to the implementation of the Convention.
5. The Committee shall submit to the General Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, every two years, reports on its activities.
6. States Parties shall make their reports widely available to the public in their own countries.
In order to foster the effective implementation of the Convention and to encourage international co-operation in the field covered by the Convention:
(a) The specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund, and other United Nations organs shall be entitled to be represented at the consideration of the implementation of such provisions of the present Convention as fall within the scope of their mandate. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent bodies as it may consider appropriate to provide expert advice on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their respective mandates. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund, and other United Nations organs to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their activities;
(b) The Committee shall transmit, as it may consider appropriate, to the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent bodies, any reports from States Parties that contain a request, or indicate a need, for technical advice or assistance, along with the Committee's observations and suggestions, if any, on these requests or indications;
(c) The Committee may recommend to the General Assembly to request the Secretary-General to undertake on its behalf studies on specific issues relating to the rights of the child;
(d) The Committee may make suggestions and general recommendations based on information received pursuant to articles 44 and 45 of the present Convention. Such suggestions and general recommendations shall be transmitted to any State Party concerned and reported to the General Assembly, together with comments, if any, from States Parties.
The present Convention shall be open for signature by all States.
The present Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
The present Convention shall remain open for accession by any State. The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1. The present Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. For each State ratifying or acceding to the Convention after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification or accession.
1. Any State Party may propose an amendment and file it with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall thereupon communicate the proposed amendment to States Parties, with a request that they indicate whether they favour a conference of States Parties for the purpose of considering and voting upon the proposals. In the event that, within four months from the date of such communication, at least one third of the States Parties favour such a conference, the Secretary-General shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of States Parties present and voting at the conference shall be submitted to the General Assembly for approval.
2. An amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph 1 of the present article shall enter into force when it has been approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations and accepted by a two-thirds majority of States Parties.
3. When an amendment enters into force, it shall be binding on those States Parties which have accepted it, other States Parties still being bound by the provisions of the present Convention and any earlier amendments which they have accepted.
1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall receive and circulate to all States the text of reservations made by States at the time of ratification or accession.
2. A reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of the present Convention shall not be permitted.
3. Reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification to that effect addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall then inform all States. Such notification shall take effect on the date on which it is received by the Secretary-General
A State Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation becomes effective one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations is designated as the depositary of the present Convention.
The original of the present Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. In witness thereof the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed the present Convention.
"Push and Pull" by Kerry-Lyn Potgieter
"Groote Schuur Paediatric" by Liesl Jobson
The mountain is gone
under grey sandwich clouds
and I'm waiting, Mama.
Baby repairs won't fly
this time. The policeman
prodded Uncle, took him away.
I'm going down too.
I can't walk another
twist and bump day
on this push me pull
poke heavy weather path.
Slap ‘n tickle games aren't funny.
I can't take a joke.
Game's over; you coming now?
I'm waiting at the hospital, Mama.
"Bolotabana ka Groote Schuur" (Sesotho sa Leboa translation by LP Boshego)
Thaba e utame
ka fase ga marumasehla
feka nna ke letile, Mma.
Dithuša bana di ka se šome
lebakeng le. Lephodisa la
kgotla Malome, Motloše fa.
Le nna ke sepela le naye.
Nka se kgone go sepela
letšatši le lengwe gape la dimenya le
dikhwiti mo tseleng ye ya phoukara
ya nkgorometše nkgoge.
"Born to Raise a Man" by Nontobeko Ntombela
"Born to Raise a Man" by Bandile Gumbi
Son of my sister
The ambers of resistance
Are now sown
In the flicker of your eyes
I leave this story
The man born of woman
Son of my sister
You who was conceived
When freedom was an embryo
Born at the wake
Of yet another revolution
The burden of your future
Is in the hands
That will raise you
You who will take root
When another imperialist power
Is in the market for your identity
Does not come only in nuclear weaponry
But feed to all your senses
Filling some with senselessness
Son of my sister
I don't aim
To define your manhood
But to nurture the women in your genes
Their strength shall complete your initiation
To a world of mudslides
And volcanic ramblings
May your walk in dignity
Bend only to guide your step
Never to compromise your principles
Son of my sister
I pray for your hands
Never to be raised in anger
But in exhilaration
As you conquer
Yet another stumbling block
May your dreams be filled with guiding force
At the depth of your youthful confusion
To usher you to clarity
Son of my sister
You whose born of women.
"Wazalelwa Indoda" (IziZulu translation extract of poem)
Wazalwa ngasikhathi somunye umbangazwe
"How often do we bend down to help the children?" by Dina Cormick
"Emoyeni" by Mari Pete
She rose at dawn to catch a train,
stampedes along smoking buses
screeching brakes and bullet holes.
In a sewerage ditch she hears a cry.
Amadumbe ankles stop, aching back
bends low, banana fingers brush aside
fermenting fruit syringes and coke cans -
She scoops him with the willow branches
of her arms. Toes sink into clay belly.
He climbs her contours for birds eggs
in hollows of her nest, soft places
to sleep between her breasts.
He smells the sour breeze
of milk upon her breath.
"Emoyeni" (IsiZulu translation coordinated by Dr Maria Letsie)
Wavuka ekuseni ukuyothatha isitimela
Ukugxobana namabhasi ethunqisa intuthu
Kukhala amabhuleki kanye nezimbobo zezinhlamvu
Phakathi esitamukokweni uzwa ukukhala
Isitobhu saseMadunjeni, ezwa izinhlungu ngemuva
Ugoba kancane,iminwe ethambile iyaphulula emaceleni,
Emiphongolo enezithelo ezibilayo kanye namakani e Coca-cola
Wamcaphuna ngezandla zakhe ezingamagatsha omnyezane
Izinzwane zakhe zashona phansi emajukujukwini obumba.
Wamnyusa emnqumisa emnyusela amaqanda enyoni
Phakathi esidlekeni sakhe ezindaweni ezintofontofo
Zokulala phakathi kwamabele akhe
Uhogela umoya wobisi omuncu emphefumulweni wakhe